Effect of the Pilates Method on Sexual Function, Pelvic floor Muscle Strength and Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors

  • Vanessa de Souza Ferraz Physiotherapist, Master’s Student of the Graduate Program of Movement Sciences, INISA Integrated Institute of Health, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS). Campo Grande (MS), Brazil.
  • Arthur Duarte Fantesia Costa Cruz Physiotherapist, Master’s Student of the Graduate Program in Heatlh and Development of Midwest Region, UFMS. Campo Grande (MS), Brazil.
  • Milena Aparecida Maldonado Ferreira Student of the Physiotherapy Course of the INISA Integrated Institute of Health, UFMS. Campo Grande (MS), Brazil.
  • Thomaz Nogueira Burke PhD, Professor of the Graduate Program of Movement Sciences, INISA Integrated Institute of Health, UFMS. Campo Grande (MS), Brazil.
  • Silvio Assis de Oliveira Junior PhD, Professor of the Graduate Program of Movement Sciences, INISA Integrated Institute of Health, UFMS. Campo Grande (MS), Brazil.
  • Gustavo Christofoletti PhD, Professor of the Graduate Program of Movement Sciences, INISA Integrated Institute of Health, UFMS. Campo Grande (MS), Brazil.
  • Ana Beatriz Gomes de Souza Pegorare PhD, Professor of the Graduate Program of Movement Sciences, INISA Integrated Institute of Health, UFMS. Campo Grande (MS), Brazil
Palavras-chave: Breast Neoplasms/therapy, Quality of Life, Exercise Therapy, Pelvic Floor, Exercise Movement Techniques

Resumo

Introduction: Surgical treatment of breast cancer and anti-estrogenic hormone therapy negatively impact quality of life and female sexual function. Considering that physical activity provides important benefits to minimize the physical and emotional impact of the treatment, the Pilates Method is a modality of physical exercises that could increase the quality of life parameters of women survivors of breast cancer. Objective: To study the impact of Pilates Method on pelvic floor muscle (PFMS) strength, sexual function (SF), and health related quality of life related (HRQL) of BC survivors. Method: Randomized clinical trial in which 24 mastectomized women were divided into two groups: Pilates (G1) and control group (G2) exercises for 8 weeks. SF was assessed by the FSFI questionnaire and HRQV by the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire. PFMS was assessed by perineometry and contractility using the PERFECT scheme. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Inferential analysis was performed using repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni post-test. Results: Women of the G1 showed better performance than those of the G2 for the following variables: sexual function, degree of muscle contraction; all items of the PERFECT scheme; QLQ-C30 questionnaire domains: global health status, physical functioning, emotional functioning; symptom scale items fatigue, nausea, and pain, and perception of financial difficulties (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The results show benefits of supervised Pilates exercises on pelvic floor muscle contractility, sexual function, and quality of life after cancer.

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Publicado
2020-05-18
Como Citar
1.
de Souza Ferraz V, Duarte Fantesia Costa Cruz A, Maldonado Ferreira MA, Nogueira Burke T, de Oliveira Junior SA, Christofoletti G, Gomes de Souza Pegorare AB. Effect of the Pilates Method on Sexual Function, Pelvic floor Muscle Strength and Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors. Rev. Bras. Cancerol. [Internet]. 18º de maio de 2020 [citado 5º de agosto de 2021];66(2):e-06844. Disponível em: https://rbc.inca.gov.br/revista/index.php/revista/article/view/844
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ARTIGO ORIGINAL