Um Panorama sobre as Evidências de Intervenções de Atividade Física na Saúde de Indivíduos com Câncer de Cabeça e Pescoço: Revisão Sistemática da Literatura

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32635/2176-9745.RBC.2023v69n1.2652

Palavras-chave:

neoplasias de cabeça e pescoço/psicologia, terapia por exercício/psicologia, exercício físico

Resumo

Introdução: O câncer de cabeça e pescoço é considerado um problema de saúde pública mundial, que surge em áreas cosmeticamente e funcionalmente críticas. A prática de exercício físico está sendo considerada uma das estratégias não farmacológicas significativas e eficazes a fim de minimizar as consequências físicas e psicológicas. Objetivo: Analisar as evidências de intervenções de atividade física na saúde física e psicológica de indivíduos com câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Revisão sistemática de forma cega e independente, de março a maio de 2021, de acordo com as diretrizes PRISMA. A busca foi realizada nas seguintes bases de dados: PubMed Central®; Biblioteca Cochrane; Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect. Resultados: Entre os 515 estudos selecionados, 15 foram incluídos nesta revisão sistemática com um total de 670 participantes com idade entre 18 e 76 anos. Os estudos incluíram exercícios aeróbicos, resistência, mobilidade, alongamento, fortalecimento e ioga. Conclusão: Evidências comprovam que intervenções de atividade física realizadas com indivíduos com câncer de cabeça e pescoço podem ser benéficas no tratamento e na saúde física/psicológica dessa população. Este estudo pode auxiliar em novas pesquisas considerando as informações detalhadas descritas anteriormente sobre as intervenções aplicadas, além de discutir os instrumentos mais utilizados com esse público e indicar as modalidades que estão sendo realizadas com segurança. Sugere-se a realização de mais ensaios randomizados para obter resultados mais concisos.

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Publicado

2022-11-17

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1.
Saraiva PS dos S, Silveira J da, Moratelli JA, Alexandre KH, Dias M, Guimarães AC de A. Um Panorama sobre as Evidências de Intervenções de Atividade Física na Saúde de Indivíduos com Câncer de Cabeça e Pescoço: Revisão Sistemática da Literatura. Rev. Bras. Cancerol. [Internet]. 17º de novembro de 2022 [citado 1º de fevereiro de 2023];69(1):e-012652. Disponível em: https://rbc.inca.gov.br/index.php/revista/article/view/2652

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