Como as Práticas Corporais Afetam os Aspectos Psicológicos de Mulheres Sobreviventes e em Tratamento para o Câncer de Mama? Revisão Sistemática da Literatura

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32635/2176-9745.RBC.2023v69n1.2981

Palavras-chave:

neoplasias da mama/psicologia, terapias complementares, adaptação psicológica, manipulações musculoesqueléticas, saúde da mulher

Resumo

Introdução: As práticas corporais podem trazer benefícios na área de reabilitação física, psicológica e social e ser uma alternativa de tratamento para o câncer de mama. Objetivo: Analisar as evidências dos resultados das práticas corporais nos aspectos psicológicos de mulheres que sobreviveram e estavam em tratamento para câncer de mama. Método: Revisão sistemática desenvolvida de forma cega e independente, de setembro a dezembro de 2021, seguindo as diretrizes PRISMA, realizada nas bases de dados: Embase Elsevier; PubMed Central; ScienceDirect; Scopus Elsevier e Web of Science – Core Collection. Resultados: Dos 1.372 estudos identificados, 22 foram incluídos nesta revisão sistemática. Entre as práticas que mais se destacaram, estão a meditação e a Yoga, sendo a ansiedade a variável mais investigada pelos estudos. Fica claro que as práticas corporais são opções de tratamentos clínicos não farmacológicos utilizados na prática clínica por diferentes profissionais de saúde em mulheres que sobreviveram ao câncer de mama. Conclusão: As práticas corporais mostraram-se benéficas no tratamento e na saúde psicológica de mulheres que sobreviveram ao câncer de mama. Essas evidências podem auxiliar na implementação das práticas corporais como recurso terapêutico a ser utilizado na prática clínica dos profissionais de saúde. No entanto, são sugeridos mais ensaios clínicos randomizados que sigam os protocolos de estudo com mais rigor, para que a eficácia dessa abordagem possa ser avaliada em diferentes desfechos clínicos.

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2022-12-16

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1.
Silveira J da, Fausto DY, Saraiva PS dos S, Boing L, Lyra VB, Bergmann A, Guimarães AC de A. Como as Práticas Corporais Afetam os Aspectos Psicológicos de Mulheres Sobreviventes e em Tratamento para o Câncer de Mama? Revisão Sistemática da Literatura. Rev. Bras. Cancerol. [Internet]. 16º de dezembro de 2022 [citado 1º de fevereiro de 2023];69(1):e-082981. Disponível em: https://rbc.inca.gov.br/index.php/revista/article/view/2981

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